Who Signed The Good Friday Agreement
The agreement marked a commitment to “mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms of all members of the community, and Britain agreed to incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights into Northern Ireland law. The agreement reaffirms the commitment to “mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms of all members of the community.” The multi-party agreement recognised “the importance of respect, understanding and tolerance with regard to linguistic diversity”, in particular with regard to the Irish language, the Ulster Scots and the languages of other ethnic minorities in Northern Ireland, “all of which are part of the cultural richness of the island of Ireland”. A copy of the agreement was posted in each chamber in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland for reading before a referendum was held where they could vote on it. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments and eight political parties or groups in Northern Ireland. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the beginning of the 20th century, and two small parties associated with loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (associated with the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)). Two were commonly referred to as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican Party linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army.   Regardless of these rival traditions, there were two other assembly parties, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour Coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by US President Bill Clinton to lead talks between parties and groups.  Under the Agreement, the British and Irish Governments agreed to hold referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998 respectively.
The referendum in Northern Ireland is expected to endorse the agreement reached in the multi-party negotiations. The referendum in the Republic of Ireland was aimed at approving the BRITANNICO-Irish Agreement and facilitating the amendment of the Irish Constitution in accordance with the Agreement. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had established Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and claimed a territorial claim over all of Ireland), and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which affirmed a territorial claim to Northern Ireland. DUBLIN – The Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, signed in Belfast 21 years ago this month, has been hailed as a triumph of moderation, a hard-won compromise that ended 30 years of bloodshed. He adds: “It is remarkable and a testament to the history of the events of the night, when those present worked until dawn to achieve the breakthrough, and then signed the documents of both for posterity.” More than 20 years after the signing of the Good Friday Agreement, the moderates who campaigned for the peace agreement no longer have significant political power. The agreement has created three strands of new institutions: in recent days, Mr Blair and Irish Taoiseach Bertie Ahern have travelled to Belfast to take part in the talks, and the agreement was finally announced by George Mitchell on the afternoon of 10 April 1998. Issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, weapons dismantling, demilitarization, justice and law enforcement were at the heart of the agreement. The agreement was reached after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises.
Many people have made excellent contributions. Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were then leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. .