What Was The Sunningdale Agreement And Why Did The Power Sharing Executive Collapse
These issues were resolved, at least in theory, by the Sunningdale Agreement. This agreement, signed in December 1973, created three political bodies: a proportionally elected Northern Ireland Assembly, an executive government with power shared by nationalists and unionists, and a “Council of Ireland” composed of delegates from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The Government of Ireland Act 1920 provided for an Irish Council, but these provisions had never been adopted. The Unionists were furious at any “interference” by the Republic of Ireland in its newly created region. In 1973, following an agreement on the formation of an executive, an agreement was reached on the reintroduction of an Irish Council to promote cooperation with the Republic of Ireland. Between 6 and 9 December, discussions took place in the town of Sunningdale in Berkshire between British Prime Minister Edward Heath, Irish Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave and the three pro-agreement parties. Tuesday, May 28, 1974 Day 14 of the UWC strike The crisis was intensifying. Brian Faulkner resigned as chief executive after Merlyn Rees, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, with representatives of the Ulster Workers` Council (UWC), refused. Faulkner`s Unionist colleagues also resigned. This is the end of the Northern Ireland executive.
A large demonstration of peasants in tractors blocked the entrance to the Stormont Parliament buildings and also much of the Upper Newtownards Road. News of the collapse of The Northern Ireland executive spread to protesters. Celebrated in the Protestant regions of the region. 5. When the Council of Ireland was formalised in the last Sunningdale Agreement, signed in December 1973, the Loyalists responded by dividing the UUP, disrupting the assembly and organising a general strike. Sunningdale failed when the executive resigned in May 1973. The UWC then ordered a 10 per cent reduction in electricity. Electricity Service spokesman Hugo Patterson told the BBC: “The closure is underway, it is over, it is final, it is irrevocable. . . .
We`ve gone to the point of no return. The fuel plan was implemented, but no attempt was made to retake the plants. While moderate Unionists could tolerate a power-sharing cabinet, they could not support Ireland`s proposed council. The Unionists, still suspicious of Dublin, saw the Council as an important step towards the reunification of Ireland.