United Nations Agreements On Human Rights
A cooperative effort to protect the human rights of stateless people There are nine essential international human rights instruments. Each of these instruments has established a committee of experts to monitor the implementation of the treaty provisions by its States Parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols that deal with specific issues, while the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture provides for the establishment of a committee of experts. International human rights instruments are treaties and other international texts that serve as the legal basis for international human rights law and the protection of human rights in general.  There are many different species, but most of them fall into two broad categories: statements adopted by bodies such as the United Nations General Assembly, which are by nature declarative, therefore non-legally binding, although they are politically important and highly respected;  and often express guiding principles; and multi-party conventions, which are supposed to become legally binding, generally contain a binding and very specific language and are generally concluded in a lengthy process, which often involves ratification by each person`s legislation. Less is known about some “recommendations” that are similar to multilaterally agreed but unre ratified conventions that are used to establish common standards.  There may also be administrative guidelines that are the subject of multilateral agreement between states, as well as the statutes of courts or other institutions. A specific recipe or principle derived from one of these different international instruments can acquire, over time, the status of international customary law, whether explicitly accepted by a state or not, simply because it is well recognized and respected over a sufficiently long period of time. The Universal Periodic Review (RSP) of the Human Rights Council is a unique process that includes a review of human rights records of all 193 UN member states every 4.5 years.
The States studied can explain the steps they have taken to improve the human rights situation in their countries and highlight the challenges and constraints they face. The other Member States will then have the opportunity to recognise the positive results, express concerns and, finally, make recommendations to the State for further improvements. Each year, 42 states are monitored and receive an average of 180 recommendations. The revision is based on three documents: the achievements of the UDHR, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which came into force in 1976. Both alliances have developed most of the rights already enshrined in the UDHR, effectively linking them to the states that have ratified them. They define everyday rights such as the right to life, equality before the law, freedom of expression, the right to work, social security and education. Together with the UDHR, alliances form the international law on human rights. Fundamental human rights principles, such as universality, interdependence and indivisibility, equality and non-discrimination, such as universality, interdependence and non-discrimination, such as universality, interdependence and non-discrimination, and the fact that human rights entail both the rights and obligations of organizations and rights holders, have been reaffirmed in many conventions , international declarations and resolutions on human rights.